Pakistan is situated between latitude 33° 42 ́ North and longitude 73° 10 ́ East. On the west border of the country is Iran, India is on the east, Afghanistan in the north-west, China in the north and the Arabian Sea is on the south. Pakistan has a strategically advantageous location vis a vis being a geographical centre of the Asian Continent. Forming a bridge between the Middle East and the Far East, Pakistan can be a hub for trade and communication. A wide transportation network complements this strategic placement. With three major international airports and 38 domestic airports, Pakistan serves more than 50 international airlines. Pakistan also has Karachi, Port-Qasim and Gawadar sea ports. Pakistan has a continental type of climate, characterized by extreme variations of temperature. Very high altitudes modify the climate in the cold, snow-covered northern mountains. Temperatures on the Balochistan Plateau are somewhat higher. Along the coastal strip the climate is tempered by sea breezes. In the rest of the country temperatures rise steeply in the summer and hot winds blow across the plains during the day. The daily variation in temperature may be as much as 11 degree C to 17 degree centigrade. Winters are cold with minimum mean temperature of about 4 degree centigrade in January.

Source of Map: Website of Survey of Pakistan - PPIB Dy. No: I-81175 Dated 21-08-2020


Official Name

Islamic Republic of Pakistan




796,096 sq. kilometers


South Asia

Geographic Co-ordinates 

latitude 33° 42́  North and longitude 73° 10́  East


Hot & humid summer, dry & cold winter


211.17 millions *


Islam (Muslims 97%)





Sea ports

Karachi, Port-Qasim, Gawadar

Dry ports

Lahore, Rawalpindi, Sialkot, Faisalabad, Peshawar and Quetta

International Airports

Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, Peshawar, Sialkot and Quetta

CPI Inflation

8.6% *

Per Capita income

US $ 1500 *

GDP Growth Rate


Installed Generation Capacity

around 35972 MW(2019-20 (Jul-Apr))

* Source: Economic Survey of Pakistan 2020-21